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Projections by Beneficiary Type

  1. Divorced Spousal
    Beneficiaries
  2. Early Eligibility
    Age Beneficiaries
  3. Spousal-Only
    Beneficiaries
  4. Survivor-Only
    Beneficiaries
  5. Women & Dual
    Entitlement

Women & Dual Entitlement, 2025–2095

Methodology »
Released: August 2021
Next expected update: 2023

We project that the proportion of women who receive Social Security benefits based on their own work—as opposed to their spouses' work—will increase over time.

  • More than half of female beneficiaries over age 60 will receive benefits based solely on their own work in 2025. By 2095, over 70 percent of women will receive such benefits.
  • Over one-third of women will be dually entitled (receive a benefit based both on their own and their spouse's work) in 2025. By 2095, this proportion will decline to less than one-quarter.
  • Between 6 percent and 7 percent of women will receive benefits based solely on their spouses' earnings from 2025 through 2095.
Chart. Title: Projected Basis of Entitlement, Selected Years: Percentage of women aged 60 or older. Stacked area chart with tabular version below.
Show as table
Table equivalent for chart: Projected Basis of Entitlement, Selected Years (percentage of women aged 60 or older)
Year Worker only Dually entitled Spousal only
2025 57.5 35.1 7.4
2030 59.4 34.1 6.5
2035 61.2 33.0 5.8
2040 62.5 31.7 5.8
2045 64.0 29.8 6.1
2050 64.9 28.6 6.5
2055 67.1 26.2 6.7
2060 68.1 25.2 6.7
2065 69.3 23.9 6.9
2070 69.9 23.2 6.9
2075 70.3 23.0 6.7
2080 70.5 22.7 6.8
2085 71.1 22.2 6.8
2090 71.4 22.1 6.5
2095 72.0 21.3 6.8

SOURCE: Modeling Income in the Near Term, Version 8 (MINT8) microsimulation model using 2019 Trustees Report intermediate assumptions.